We can consider autonomous vehicles an ”evolution than a revolution.”
The concept of the autonomous car was first seen in the year 1939, In GM’s exhibit in New York. Norman Bel Geddes was the first person to create an autonomous car. The vehicle created by Norman Bel Geddes conceptualized an electric vehicle controlled by radio-controlled electromagnetic fields. This design was turned into reality in the year 1958 by General motors.
The first self-driving car had sensors in the front end, these sensors were called Pick up coils. These sensors were named pick up coils because these could pick up current from wire implanted
In the year 1960s, Another self- driving vehicle ‘Citroen DS’ was tested by the United kingdom’s transport and road research laboratory.
In the last few years, we have seen collaborations within separate industries like automotive, mobile networks and software developers to create one interconnected system. Many companies have created partnerships with academic institutes. Universities like the University of Warwick have published research on autonomous vehicles and is actively working on CAV research.
Big companies came together to create one connected and autonomous car evolution. One of the most successful self-drive car projects was started in 2009 by Google and became Waymo in 2016. After that, so many automakers have invested in self-driving cars. Nowadays we see tons of new launches in autonomous vehicles, Innovation In cars is massive. Manufacturers are designing vehicles with level 4 automation.
Right now, So many cars are semi-autonomous with level 2 autonomous functions. These functions include assisted steering, speed and brake controls. Autonomous driving largely depends on GPS and advanced sensors So many countries already formulated legislation surrounding the use of autonomous vehicles.
The latest autonomous vehicle ‘Cruise’ by General motors began testing without a human driver in san Francisco.
Tesla continues to create new technologies for autonomous vehicles over the years. They introduced Tesla autopilot which has driving assistance, increased processing power than the previous generation, advanced sensor coverage like a forward-facing radar, Twelve updated ultrasonic sensors which allow detection of nearly twice the distance of the prior system.
Hyundai aiming at making their cars driverless by the year 2030. In the year 2019, Hyundai collaborated with Tencent to create self-driving cars software.
BMW and Toyota are also aiming to introduce their fully autonomous cars. Honda also revealed their plans to sell level three autonomous cars.
Independent autonomous vehicle projects like Project UTE, Project Capri by Conigital Group are bringing a huge difference in the world of autonomous vehicles by building public trust in AVs.
In future, Autonomous technology is set to create a smart vehicle grid. An autonomous vehicle is an innovation that is going to connect various industries to create a better lifestyle. The introduction of autonomous vehicles will redefine cities of the future.
Many challenges need to overcome in autonomous vehicle technology. Autonomous vehicles are expected to improve safety on roads, as humans they won’t get drunk, will stay in their lanes and follow rules.
It is expected that autonomous ride-sharing will reduce carbon emissions and smart cities will play a massive role in future of transport. Autonomous vehicles are expected to interact with smart cities using an advanced 5g network. We can conclude that autonomous vehicles aim to increase the overall quality of life.
– written by Jasmeen Gill
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